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Lilith war eine Göttin der sumerischen Mythologie. Zunächst wohnte sie im Stamm des Weltenbaumes, nachdem dieser jedoch auf Befehl Inannas hin gespalten worden war, floh Lilith in ein unbekanntes Gebiet. Lillit ist eine schwedische Form von Lilith. Die ersten Wurzeln des Namens gehen auf die sumerische Göttin Lildu zurück (Göttin des Windes in großer Höhe)​. Der Mädchenname Lillit ♀ Herkunft, Bedeutung, Beliebtheit und soziales Prestige. Entdecke ähnliche Namen, die Schreibweise im Flaggenalphabet und vieles. Mädchenname Lillit: mehr zur Bedeutung, Herkunft und weitere Infos des Vornamens Lillit. Varianten[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Lilit; Lillith; Lilith; Lillit. Bekannte Namensträgerinnen[Bearbeiten | Quelltext bearbeiten]. Lilith: Lilith Dorsey.

Lillit

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Lillit - Vorname Lillit - Herkunft und Bedeutung

Gewinnspiel: Medela. Nur etwa eines von In solchen Fällen kannst Du Deinen Namen auf viele andere Arten mitteilen, zum Beispiel kannst Du ihn buchstabieren, mit den Fingern zeigen oder winken Isaac b. Moore 's story Fruit of Knowledge Silikon i fittan written from Lilith's point Old latina sex view. God creates Adam, then places him in the Garden of Eden. Jahrhundert n. October—December Later legends also characterize her as Lillit beautiful woman who seduces men or copulates Amateur wife cheating them in their sleep a succubusthen Deep throat sluts demon children.

To improve the balance between acidity and sweetness, the sugar content was slightly reduced, giving priority to the fruitiness while maintaining the same quinine bitterness concentration.

In France, Lillet is usually served on ice with a slice of orange, or a lemon or lime peel. A Lillet Vive is 5cl Lillet blanc, 10cl tonic water, a slice of cucumber, a strawberry and mint leaves.

In other countries, especially in the US and UK, it is more often used as a cocktail ingredient. It included a recipe which described a "Lillet Spritz" as "3 parts Lillet Blanc or Lillet Rose and 3 parts tonic water.

Build over 3 large ice cubes in a tall wine glass and garnish with cucumber, mint and strawberry. She introduced Lillet to the high society, particularly at Fauchon, and into the upper-class hotels Parisian as George V or Ritz where she stayed regularly.

In a deep champagne goblet. Got it? From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the French aperitif. For the UK feminine hygiene product, see Lil-lets.

This article needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

Retrieved Pernod Ricard. Four Roses 3. Wiser's 2. Doble V Dunbar Natu Nobilis. Olmeca Viuda de Romero. Categories : Cocktails with wine French wine Pernod Ricard brands.

The above statement by Hanina may be related to the belief that nocturnal emissions engendered the birth of demons:. The Midrash Rabbah collection contains two references to Lilith.

The first one is present in Genesis Rabbah and according to Rabbi Hiyya God proceeded to create a second Eve for Adam, after Lilith had to return to dust.

Chavvah ha-Rishonah , analogically to the phrase Adam ha-Rishon , i. Although in the medieval Hebrew literature and folklore, especially that reflected on the protective amulets of various kinds, Chavvah ha-Rishonah was identified with Lilith, one should remain careful in transposing this equation to the Late Antiquity.

The second mention of Lilith, this time explicit, is present in Numbers Rabbah The midrash develops the story of Moses' plea after God expresses anger at the bad report of the spies.

Moses responds to a threat by God that He will destroy the Israelite people. Moses pleads before God, that God should not be like Lilith who kills her own children.

IV, 22 , He is now destroying! As that Lilith who, when she finds nothing else, turns upon her own children, so Because the Lord was not able to bring this people into the land He hath slain them' Num.

XIV, 16! An individual Lilith, along with Bagdana "king of the lilits", is one of the demons to feature prominently in protective spells in the eighty surviving Jewish occult incantation bowls from Sassanid Empire Babylon 4th—6th century AD with influence from Iranian culture.

The centre of the inside of the bowl depicts Lilith, or the male form, Lilit. Surrounding the image is writing in spiral form; the writing often begins at the centre and works its way to the edge.

The incantation bowls which have been analysed, are inscribed in the following languages, Jewish Babylonian Aramaic , Syriac , Mandaic, Middle Persian , and Arabic.

Some bowls are written in a false script which has no meaning. The correctly worded incantation bowl was capable of warding off Lilith or Lilit from the household.

Lilith had the power to transform into a woman's physical features, seduce her husband, and conceive a child.

However, Lilith would become hateful towards the children born of the husband and wife and would seek to kill them. Similarly, Lilit would transform into the physical features of the husband, seduce the wife, she would give birth to a child.

It would become evident that the child was not fathered by the husband, and the child would be looked down on. Lilit would seek revenge on the family by killing the children born to the husband and wife.

Key features of the depiction of Lilith or Lilit include the following. The figure is often depicted with arms and legs chained, indicating the control of the family over the demon ess.

The demon ess is depicted in a frontal position with the whole face showing. The eyes are very large, as well as the hands if depicted.

The demon ess is entirely static. One bowl contains the following inscription commissioned from a Jewish occultist to protect a woman called Rashnoi and her husband from Lilith:.

Amen, Amen, Selah, Halleluyah! The pseudepigraphical [56] 8th—10th centuries Alphabet of Ben Sira is considered to be the oldest form of the story of Lilith as Adam's first wife.

Whether this particular tradition is older is not known. Scholars tend to date the Alphabet between the 8th and 10th centuries AD.

The work has been characterised as satirical. In the text an amulet is inscribed with the names of three angels Senoy , Sansenoy , and Semangelof and placed around the neck of newborn boys in order to protect them from the lilin until their circumcision.

However, the idea that Lilith was the predecessor may be exclusive to the Alphabet. The idea in the text that Adam had a wife prior to Eve may have developed from an interpretation of the Book of Genesis and its dual creation accounts; while Genesis describes God's creation of Eve from Adam's rib, an earlier passage, , already indicates that a woman had been made: "So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

Lilith claims that since she and Adam were created in the same way they were equal and she refuses to submit to him:.

After God created Adam, who was alone, He said, "It is not good for man to be alone. Adam and Lilith immediately began to fight.

She said, "I will not lie below," and he said, "I will not lie beneath you, but only on top. For you are fit only to be in the bottom position, while I am to be the superior one.

When Lilith saw this, she pronounced the Ineffable Name and flew away into the air. Adam stood in prayer before his Creator: "Sovereign of the universe!

Said the Holy One to Adam, "If she agrees to come back, what is made is good. If not, she must permit one hundred of her children to die every day.

They told her God's word, but she did not wish to return. The angels said, "We shall drown you in the sea. If the infant is male, I have dominion over him for eight days after his birth, and if female, for twenty days.

When the angels heard Lilith's words, they insisted she go back. But she swore to them by the name of the living and eternal God: "Whenever I see you or your names or your forms in an amulet, I will have no power over that infant.

Accordingly, every day one hundred demons perish, and for the same reason, we write the angels' names on the amulets of young children.

When Lilith sees their names, she remembers her oath, and the child recovers. The background and purpose of The Alphabet of Ben-Sira is unclear.

It is a collection of stories about heroes of the Bible and Talmud , it may have been a collection of folk-tales , a refutation of Christian , Karaite , or other separatist movements; its content seems so offensive to contemporary Jews that it was even suggested that it could be an anti-Jewish satire , [59] although, in any case, the text was accepted by the Jewish mystics of medieval Germany.

In turn, other scholars argue that the target of the Alphabet's satire is very difficult to establish exactly because of the variety of the figures and values ridiculed therein: criticism is actually directed against Adam, who turns out to be weak and ineffective in his relations with his wife.

Apparently, the first man is not the only male figure who is mocked: even God cannot subjugate Lilith and needs to ask his messengers, who only manage to go as far as negotiating the conditions of the agreement.

The Alphabet of Ben-Sira is the earliest surviving source of the story, and the conception that Lilith was Adam's first wife became only widely known with the 17th century Lexicon Talmudicum of German scholar Johannes Buxtorf.

In this folk tradition that arose in the early Middle Ages Lilith, a dominant female demon, became identified with Asmodeus , King of Demons, as his queen.

Thus, the merging of Lilith and Asmodeus was inevitable. In this case Asmodeus and Lilith were believed to procreate demonic offspring endlessly and spread chaos at every turn.

Two primary characteristics are seen in these legends about Lilith: Lilith as the incarnation of lust, causing men to be led astray, and Lilith as a child-killing witch, who strangles helpless neonates.

These two aspects of the Lilith legend seemed to have evolved separately; there is hardly a tale where she encompasses both roles.

Such stories are commonly found among Jewish folklore. Although the image of Lilith of the Alphabet of Ben Sira is unprecedented, some elements in her portrayal can be traced back to the talmudic and midrashic traditions that arose around Eve:.

Kabbalistic mysticism attempted to establish a more exact relationship between Lilith and God. With her major characteristics having been well developed by the end of the Talmudic period, after six centuries had elapsed between the Aramaic incantation texts that mention Lilith and the early Spanish Kabbalistic writings in the 13th century, she reappears, and her life history becomes known in greater mythological detail.

One mentions her creation as being before Adam's, on the fifth day, because the "living creatures" with whose swarms God filled the waters included Lilith.

A similar version, related to the earlier Talmudic passages, recounts how Lilith was fashioned with the same substance as Adam was, shortly before.

A third alternative version states that God originally created Adam and Lilith in a manner that the female creature was contained in the male.

Lilith's soul was lodged in the depths of the Great Abyss. When God called her, she joined Adam. After Adam's body was created, a thousand souls from the Left evil side attempted to attach themselves to him.

However, God drove them off. Adam was left lying as a body without a soul. Then a cloud descended and God commanded the earth to produce a living soul.

This God breathed into Adam, who began to spring to life and his female was attached to his side. God separated the female from Adam's side.

The female side was Lilith, whereupon she flew to the Cities of the Sea and attacked humankind. Yet another version claims that Lilith emerged as a divine entity that was born spontaneously, either out of the Great Supernal Abyss or out of the power of an aspect of God the Gevurah of Din.

This aspect of God was negative and punitive, as well as one of his ten attributes Sefirot , at its lowest manifestation has an affinity with the realm of evil and it is out of this that Lilith merged with Samael.

An alternative story links Lilith with the creation of luminaries. The "first light", which is the light of Mercy one of the Sefirot , appeared on the first day of creation when God said "Let there be light".

This light became hidden and the Holiness became surrounded by a husk of evil. The first medieval source to depict Adam and Lilith in full was the Midrash A.

Adam is said to be perfect until he recognises either his sin or Cain's fratricide that is the cause of bringing death into the world. He then separates from holy Eve, sleeps alone, and fasts for years.

During this time "Pizna", either an alternate name for Lilith or a daughter of hers, desires his beauty and seduces him against his will.

She gives birth to multitudes of djinns and demons, the first of them being named Agrimas. However, they are defeated by Methuselah , who slays thousands of them with a holy sword and forces Agrimas to give him the names of the rest, after which he casts them away to the sea and the mountains.

The mystical writing of two brothers Jacob and Isaac Hacohen, Treatise on the Left Emanation , which predates the Zohar by a few decades, states that Samael and Lilith are in the shape of an androgynous being, double-faced, born out of the emanation of the Throne of Glory and corresponding in the spiritual realm to Adam and Eve, who were likewise born as a hermaphrodite.

The two twin androgynous couples resembled each other and both "were like the image of Above"; that is, that they are reproduced in a visible form of an androgynous deity.

In answer to your question concerning Lilith, I shall explain to you the essence of the matter. Concerning this point there is a received tradition from the ancient Sages who made use of the Secret Knowledge of the Lesser Palaces, which is the manipulation of demons and a ladder by which one ascends to the prophetic levels.

In this tradition it is made clear that Samael and Lilith were born as one, similar to the form of Adam and Eve who were also born as one, reflecting what is above.

This is the account of Lilith which was received by the Sages in the Secret Knowledge of the Palaces. Another version [68] that was also current among Kabbalistic circles in the Middle Ages establishes Lilith as the first of Samael's four wives: Lilith, Naamah , Eisheth , and Agrat bat Mahlat.

Each of them are mothers of demons and have their own hosts and unclean spirits in no number. Blind Dragon acts as an intermediary between Lilith and Samael:.

Blind Dragon rides Lilith the Sinful -- may she be extirpated quickly in our days, Amen! And just as the Dragon that is in the sea Isa.

In many 17th century Kabbalistic books, this seems to be a reinterpretation of an old Talmudic myth where God castrated the male Leviathan and slew the female Leviathan in order to prevent them from mating and thereby destroying the Earth with their offspring.

A 15th or 16th century Kabbalah text states that God has "cooled" the female Leviathan, meaning that he has made Lilith infertile and she is a mere fornication.

The Treatise on the Left Emanation also says that there are two Liliths, the lesser being married to the great demon Asmodeus.

The Matron Lilith is the mate of Samael. Both of them were born at the same hour in the image of Adam and Eve, intertwined in each other.

Asmodeus the great king of the demons has as a mate the Lesser younger Lilith, daughter of the king whose name is Qafsefoni. The name of his mate is Mehetabel daughter of Matred, and their daughter is Lilith.

And the Serpent, the Woman of Harlotry, incited and seduced Eve through the husks of Light which in itself is holiness. And the Serpent seduced Holy Eve, and enough said for him who understands.

And all this ruination came about because Adam the first man coupled with Eve while she was in her menstrual impurity — this is the filth and the impure seed of the Serpent who mounted Eve before Adam mounted her.

Behold, here it is before you: because of the sins of Adam the first man all the things mentioned came into being. For Evil Lilith, when she saw the greatness of his corruption, became strong in her husks, and came to Adam against his will, and became hot from him and bore him many demons and spirits and Lilin.

She roams at night, and goes all about the world and makes sport with men and causes them to emit seed. In every place where a man sleeps alone in a house, she visits him and grabs him and attaches herself to him and has her desire from him, and bears from him.

And she also afflicts him with sickness, and he knows it not, and all this takes place when the moon is on the wane. This passage may be related to the mention of Lilith in Talmud Shabbath b see above , and also to Talmud Eruvin 18b where nocturnal emissions are connected with the begettal of demons.

According to Rapahel Patai, older sources state clearly that after Lilith's Red Sea sojourn mentioned also in Louis Ginzberg 's Legends of the Jews , she returned to Adam and begat children from him by forcing herself upon him.

Before doing so, she attaches herself to Cain and bears him numerous spirits and demons. In the Zohar, however, Lilith is said to have succeeded in begetting offspring from Adam even during their short-lived sexual experience.

Lilith leaves Adam in Eden, as she is not a suitable helpmate for him. The Zohar adds further that two female spirits instead of one, Lilith and Naamah , desired Adam and seduced him.

The issue of these unions were demons and spirits called "the plagues of humankind", and the usual added explanation was that it was through Adam's own sin that Lilith overcame him against his will.

A copy of Jean de Pauly 's translation of the Zohar in the Ritman Library contains an inserted late 17th century printed Hebrew sheet for use in magical amulets where the prophet Elijah confronts Lilith.

The sheet contains two texts within borders, which are amulets, one for a male 'lazakhar' , the other one for a female 'lanekevah'. A few lines in Yiddish are followed by the dialogue between the prophet Elijah and Lilith when he met her with her host of demons to kill the mother and take her new-born child 'to drink her blood, suck her bones and eat her flesh'.

She tells Elijah that she will lose her power if someone uses her secret names, which she reveals at the end: lilith, abitu, abizu, hakash, avers hikpodu, ayalu, matrota Yalqut Reubeni , Zohar b, [78].

According to Augustine Calmet , Lilith has connections with early views on vampires and sorcery:.

Some learned men have thought they discovered some vestiges of vampirism in the remotest antiquity; but all that they say of it does not come near what is related of the vampires.

Whence it comes that the Jews are accustomed to write in the four corners of the chamber of a woman just delivered, "Adam, Eve, be gone from hence lilith.

According to Siegmund Hurwitz the Talmudic Lilith is connected with the Greek Lamia , who, according to Hurwitz, likewise governed a class of child stealing lamia-demons.

Lamia bore the title "child killer" and was feared for her malevolence, like Lilith. She has different conflicting origins and is described as having a human upper body from the waist up and a serpentine body from the waist down.

The grief caused Lamia to turn into a monster that took revenge on mothers by stealing their children and devouring them. She was notorious for being a vampiric spirit and loved sucking men's blood.

Zeus was said to have given her the gift of sight. However, she was "cursed" to never be able to shut her eyes so that she would forever obsess over her dead children.

Taking pity on Lamia, Zeus gave her the ability to remove and replace her eyes from their sockets. Lilith is not found in the Quran or Hadith. The Sufi occult writer Ahmad al-Buni d.

Lilith's earliest appearance in the literature of the Romantic period — was in Goethe 's work Faust: The First Part of the Tragedy. Who is that?

Beware of her. Her beauty's one boast is her dangerous hair. After Mephistopheles offers this warning to Faust, he then, quite ironically, encourages Faust to dance with "the Pretty Witch".

Lilith and Faust engage in a short dialogue, where Lilith recounts the days spent in Eden. I climbed up for them. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood , which developed around , [85] were greatly influenced by Goethe's work on the theme of Lilith.

In , Dante Gabriel Rossetti of the Brotherhood began painting what would later be his first rendition of Lady Lilith , a painting he expected to be his "best picture hitherto".

Accompanying his Lady Lilith painting from , Rossetti wrote a sonnet entitled Lilith , which was first published in Swinburne's pamphlet-review , Notes on the Royal Academy Exhibition.

Of Adam's first wife, Lilith, it is told The witch he loved before the gift of Eve, That, ere the snake's, her sweet tongue could deceive, And her enchanted hair was the first gold.

And still she sits, young while the earth is old, And, subtly of herself contemplative, Draws men to watch the bright web she can weave, Till heart and body and life are in its hold.

The rose and poppy are her flower; for where Is he not found, O Lilith, whom shed scent And soft-shed kisses and soft sleep shall snare?

As that youth's eyes burned at thine, so went Thy spell through him, and left his straight neck bent And round his heart one strangling golden hair.

The poem and the picture appeared together alongside Rossetti's painting Sibylla Palmifera and the sonnet Soul's Beauty.

The two were placed sequentially in The House of Life collection sonnets number 77 and Lady [Lilith] This is in accordance with Jewish folk tradition, which associates Lilith both with long hair a symbol of dangerous feminine seductive power in Jewish culture , and with possessing women by entering them through mirrors.

First published in , the poem uses the traditional myths surrounding the triad of Adam, Eve, and Lilith. Browning depicts Lilith and Eve as being friendly and complicitous with each other, as they sit together on either side of Adam.

Under the threat of death, Eve admits that she never loved Adam, while Lilith confesses that she always loved him:.

As the worst of the venom left my lips, I thought, 'If, despite this lie, he strips The mask from my soul with a kiss — I crawl His slave, — soul, body, and all!

Browning focused on Lilith's emotional attributes, rather than that of her ancient demon predecessors. Scottish author George MacDonald also wrote a fantasy novel entitled Lilith , first published in MacDonald employed the character of Lilith in service to a spiritual drama about sin and redemption, in which Lilith finds a hard-won salvation.

Many of the traditional characteristics of Lilith mythology are present in the author's depiction: Long dark hair, pale skin, a hatred and fear of children and babies, and an obsession with gazing at herself in a mirror.

MacDonald's Lilith also has vampiric qualities: she bites people and sucks their blood for sustenance.

XIV, 16! An individual Lilith, along with Bagdana "king of the lilits", is one of the demons to feature prominently in protective spells in the eighty surviving Jewish occult incantation bowls from Sassanid Empire Babylon 4th—6th century AD with influence from Iranian culture.

The centre of the inside of the bowl depicts Lilith, or the male form, Lilit. Surrounding the image is writing in spiral form; the writing often begins at the centre and works its way to the edge.

The incantation bowls which have been analysed, are inscribed in the following languages, Jewish Babylonian Aramaic , Syriac , Mandaic, Middle Persian , and Arabic.

Some bowls are written in a false script which has no meaning. The correctly worded incantation bowl was capable of warding off Lilith or Lilit from the household.

Lilith had the power to transform into a woman's physical features, seduce her husband, and conceive a child.

However, Lilith would become hateful towards the children born of the husband and wife and would seek to kill them.

Similarly, Lilit would transform into the physical features of the husband, seduce the wife, she would give birth to a child. It would become evident that the child was not fathered by the husband, and the child would be looked down on.

Lilit would seek revenge on the family by killing the children born to the husband and wife. Key features of the depiction of Lilith or Lilit include the following.

The figure is often depicted with arms and legs chained, indicating the control of the family over the demon ess. The demon ess is depicted in a frontal position with the whole face showing.

The eyes are very large, as well as the hands if depicted. The demon ess is entirely static. One bowl contains the following inscription commissioned from a Jewish occultist to protect a woman called Rashnoi and her husband from Lilith:.

Amen, Amen, Selah, Halleluyah! The pseudepigraphical [56] 8th—10th centuries Alphabet of Ben Sira is considered to be the oldest form of the story of Lilith as Adam's first wife.

Whether this particular tradition is older is not known. Scholars tend to date the Alphabet between the 8th and 10th centuries AD.

The work has been characterised as satirical. In the text an amulet is inscribed with the names of three angels Senoy , Sansenoy , and Semangelof and placed around the neck of newborn boys in order to protect them from the lilin until their circumcision.

However, the idea that Lilith was the predecessor may be exclusive to the Alphabet. The idea in the text that Adam had a wife prior to Eve may have developed from an interpretation of the Book of Genesis and its dual creation accounts; while Genesis describes God's creation of Eve from Adam's rib, an earlier passage, , already indicates that a woman had been made: "So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them.

Lilith claims that since she and Adam were created in the same way they were equal and she refuses to submit to him:.

After God created Adam, who was alone, He said, "It is not good for man to be alone. Adam and Lilith immediately began to fight. She said, "I will not lie below," and he said, "I will not lie beneath you, but only on top.

For you are fit only to be in the bottom position, while I am to be the superior one. When Lilith saw this, she pronounced the Ineffable Name and flew away into the air.

Adam stood in prayer before his Creator: "Sovereign of the universe! Said the Holy One to Adam, "If she agrees to come back, what is made is good.

If not, she must permit one hundred of her children to die every day. They told her God's word, but she did not wish to return.

The angels said, "We shall drown you in the sea. If the infant is male, I have dominion over him for eight days after his birth, and if female, for twenty days.

When the angels heard Lilith's words, they insisted she go back. But she swore to them by the name of the living and eternal God: "Whenever I see you or your names or your forms in an amulet, I will have no power over that infant.

Accordingly, every day one hundred demons perish, and for the same reason, we write the angels' names on the amulets of young children.

When Lilith sees their names, she remembers her oath, and the child recovers. The background and purpose of The Alphabet of Ben-Sira is unclear. It is a collection of stories about heroes of the Bible and Talmud , it may have been a collection of folk-tales , a refutation of Christian , Karaite , or other separatist movements; its content seems so offensive to contemporary Jews that it was even suggested that it could be an anti-Jewish satire , [59] although, in any case, the text was accepted by the Jewish mystics of medieval Germany.

In turn, other scholars argue that the target of the Alphabet's satire is very difficult to establish exactly because of the variety of the figures and values ridiculed therein: criticism is actually directed against Adam, who turns out to be weak and ineffective in his relations with his wife.

Apparently, the first man is not the only male figure who is mocked: even God cannot subjugate Lilith and needs to ask his messengers, who only manage to go as far as negotiating the conditions of the agreement.

The Alphabet of Ben-Sira is the earliest surviving source of the story, and the conception that Lilith was Adam's first wife became only widely known with the 17th century Lexicon Talmudicum of German scholar Johannes Buxtorf.

In this folk tradition that arose in the early Middle Ages Lilith, a dominant female demon, became identified with Asmodeus , King of Demons, as his queen.

Thus, the merging of Lilith and Asmodeus was inevitable. In this case Asmodeus and Lilith were believed to procreate demonic offspring endlessly and spread chaos at every turn.

Two primary characteristics are seen in these legends about Lilith: Lilith as the incarnation of lust, causing men to be led astray, and Lilith as a child-killing witch, who strangles helpless neonates.

These two aspects of the Lilith legend seemed to have evolved separately; there is hardly a tale where she encompasses both roles.

Such stories are commonly found among Jewish folklore. Although the image of Lilith of the Alphabet of Ben Sira is unprecedented, some elements in her portrayal can be traced back to the talmudic and midrashic traditions that arose around Eve:.

Kabbalistic mysticism attempted to establish a more exact relationship between Lilith and God. With her major characteristics having been well developed by the end of the Talmudic period, after six centuries had elapsed between the Aramaic incantation texts that mention Lilith and the early Spanish Kabbalistic writings in the 13th century, she reappears, and her life history becomes known in greater mythological detail.

One mentions her creation as being before Adam's, on the fifth day, because the "living creatures" with whose swarms God filled the waters included Lilith.

A similar version, related to the earlier Talmudic passages, recounts how Lilith was fashioned with the same substance as Adam was, shortly before.

A third alternative version states that God originally created Adam and Lilith in a manner that the female creature was contained in the male.

Lilith's soul was lodged in the depths of the Great Abyss. When God called her, she joined Adam. After Adam's body was created, a thousand souls from the Left evil side attempted to attach themselves to him.

However, God drove them off. Adam was left lying as a body without a soul. Then a cloud descended and God commanded the earth to produce a living soul.

This God breathed into Adam, who began to spring to life and his female was attached to his side. God separated the female from Adam's side.

The female side was Lilith, whereupon she flew to the Cities of the Sea and attacked humankind. Yet another version claims that Lilith emerged as a divine entity that was born spontaneously, either out of the Great Supernal Abyss or out of the power of an aspect of God the Gevurah of Din.

This aspect of God was negative and punitive, as well as one of his ten attributes Sefirot , at its lowest manifestation has an affinity with the realm of evil and it is out of this that Lilith merged with Samael.

An alternative story links Lilith with the creation of luminaries. The "first light", which is the light of Mercy one of the Sefirot , appeared on the first day of creation when God said "Let there be light".

This light became hidden and the Holiness became surrounded by a husk of evil. The first medieval source to depict Adam and Lilith in full was the Midrash A.

Adam is said to be perfect until he recognises either his sin or Cain's fratricide that is the cause of bringing death into the world.

He then separates from holy Eve, sleeps alone, and fasts for years. During this time "Pizna", either an alternate name for Lilith or a daughter of hers, desires his beauty and seduces him against his will.

She gives birth to multitudes of djinns and demons, the first of them being named Agrimas. However, they are defeated by Methuselah , who slays thousands of them with a holy sword and forces Agrimas to give him the names of the rest, after which he casts them away to the sea and the mountains.

The mystical writing of two brothers Jacob and Isaac Hacohen, Treatise on the Left Emanation , which predates the Zohar by a few decades, states that Samael and Lilith are in the shape of an androgynous being, double-faced, born out of the emanation of the Throne of Glory and corresponding in the spiritual realm to Adam and Eve, who were likewise born as a hermaphrodite.

The two twin androgynous couples resembled each other and both "were like the image of Above"; that is, that they are reproduced in a visible form of an androgynous deity.

In answer to your question concerning Lilith, I shall explain to you the essence of the matter. Concerning this point there is a received tradition from the ancient Sages who made use of the Secret Knowledge of the Lesser Palaces, which is the manipulation of demons and a ladder by which one ascends to the prophetic levels.

In this tradition it is made clear that Samael and Lilith were born as one, similar to the form of Adam and Eve who were also born as one, reflecting what is above.

This is the account of Lilith which was received by the Sages in the Secret Knowledge of the Palaces.

Another version [68] that was also current among Kabbalistic circles in the Middle Ages establishes Lilith as the first of Samael's four wives: Lilith, Naamah , Eisheth , and Agrat bat Mahlat.

Each of them are mothers of demons and have their own hosts and unclean spirits in no number. Blind Dragon acts as an intermediary between Lilith and Samael:.

Blind Dragon rides Lilith the Sinful -- may she be extirpated quickly in our days, Amen! And just as the Dragon that is in the sea Isa. In many 17th century Kabbalistic books, this seems to be a reinterpretation of an old Talmudic myth where God castrated the male Leviathan and slew the female Leviathan in order to prevent them from mating and thereby destroying the Earth with their offspring.

A 15th or 16th century Kabbalah text states that God has "cooled" the female Leviathan, meaning that he has made Lilith infertile and she is a mere fornication.

The Treatise on the Left Emanation also says that there are two Liliths, the lesser being married to the great demon Asmodeus. The Matron Lilith is the mate of Samael.

Both of them were born at the same hour in the image of Adam and Eve, intertwined in each other.

Asmodeus the great king of the demons has as a mate the Lesser younger Lilith, daughter of the king whose name is Qafsefoni.

The name of his mate is Mehetabel daughter of Matred, and their daughter is Lilith. And the Serpent, the Woman of Harlotry, incited and seduced Eve through the husks of Light which in itself is holiness.

And the Serpent seduced Holy Eve, and enough said for him who understands. And all this ruination came about because Adam the first man coupled with Eve while she was in her menstrual impurity — this is the filth and the impure seed of the Serpent who mounted Eve before Adam mounted her.

Behold, here it is before you: because of the sins of Adam the first man all the things mentioned came into being. For Evil Lilith, when she saw the greatness of his corruption, became strong in her husks, and came to Adam against his will, and became hot from him and bore him many demons and spirits and Lilin.

She roams at night, and goes all about the world and makes sport with men and causes them to emit seed. In every place where a man sleeps alone in a house, she visits him and grabs him and attaches herself to him and has her desire from him, and bears from him.

And she also afflicts him with sickness, and he knows it not, and all this takes place when the moon is on the wane. This passage may be related to the mention of Lilith in Talmud Shabbath b see above , and also to Talmud Eruvin 18b where nocturnal emissions are connected with the begettal of demons.

According to Rapahel Patai, older sources state clearly that after Lilith's Red Sea sojourn mentioned also in Louis Ginzberg 's Legends of the Jews , she returned to Adam and begat children from him by forcing herself upon him.

Before doing so, she attaches herself to Cain and bears him numerous spirits and demons. In the Zohar, however, Lilith is said to have succeeded in begetting offspring from Adam even during their short-lived sexual experience.

Lilith leaves Adam in Eden, as she is not a suitable helpmate for him. The Zohar adds further that two female spirits instead of one, Lilith and Naamah , desired Adam and seduced him.

The issue of these unions were demons and spirits called "the plagues of humankind", and the usual added explanation was that it was through Adam's own sin that Lilith overcame him against his will.

A copy of Jean de Pauly 's translation of the Zohar in the Ritman Library contains an inserted late 17th century printed Hebrew sheet for use in magical amulets where the prophet Elijah confronts Lilith.

The sheet contains two texts within borders, which are amulets, one for a male 'lazakhar' , the other one for a female 'lanekevah'.

A few lines in Yiddish are followed by the dialogue between the prophet Elijah and Lilith when he met her with her host of demons to kill the mother and take her new-born child 'to drink her blood, suck her bones and eat her flesh'.

She tells Elijah that she will lose her power if someone uses her secret names, which she reveals at the end: lilith, abitu, abizu, hakash, avers hikpodu, ayalu, matrota Yalqut Reubeni , Zohar b, [78].

According to Augustine Calmet , Lilith has connections with early views on vampires and sorcery:. Some learned men have thought they discovered some vestiges of vampirism in the remotest antiquity; but all that they say of it does not come near what is related of the vampires.

Whence it comes that the Jews are accustomed to write in the four corners of the chamber of a woman just delivered, "Adam, Eve, be gone from hence lilith.

According to Siegmund Hurwitz the Talmudic Lilith is connected with the Greek Lamia , who, according to Hurwitz, likewise governed a class of child stealing lamia-demons.

Lamia bore the title "child killer" and was feared for her malevolence, like Lilith. She has different conflicting origins and is described as having a human upper body from the waist up and a serpentine body from the waist down.

The grief caused Lamia to turn into a monster that took revenge on mothers by stealing their children and devouring them. She was notorious for being a vampiric spirit and loved sucking men's blood.

Zeus was said to have given her the gift of sight. However, she was "cursed" to never be able to shut her eyes so that she would forever obsess over her dead children.

Taking pity on Lamia, Zeus gave her the ability to remove and replace her eyes from their sockets. Lilith is not found in the Quran or Hadith.

The Sufi occult writer Ahmad al-Buni d. Lilith's earliest appearance in the literature of the Romantic period — was in Goethe 's work Faust: The First Part of the Tragedy.

Who is that? Beware of her. Her beauty's one boast is her dangerous hair. After Mephistopheles offers this warning to Faust, he then, quite ironically, encourages Faust to dance with "the Pretty Witch".

Lilith and Faust engage in a short dialogue, where Lilith recounts the days spent in Eden. I climbed up for them. The Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood , which developed around , [85] were greatly influenced by Goethe's work on the theme of Lilith.

In , Dante Gabriel Rossetti of the Brotherhood began painting what would later be his first rendition of Lady Lilith , a painting he expected to be his "best picture hitherto".

Accompanying his Lady Lilith painting from , Rossetti wrote a sonnet entitled Lilith , which was first published in Swinburne's pamphlet-review , Notes on the Royal Academy Exhibition.

Of Adam's first wife, Lilith, it is told The witch he loved before the gift of Eve, That, ere the snake's, her sweet tongue could deceive, And her enchanted hair was the first gold.

And still she sits, young while the earth is old, And, subtly of herself contemplative, Draws men to watch the bright web she can weave, Till heart and body and life are in its hold.

The rose and poppy are her flower; for where Is he not found, O Lilith, whom shed scent And soft-shed kisses and soft sleep shall snare?

As that youth's eyes burned at thine, so went Thy spell through him, and left his straight neck bent And round his heart one strangling golden hair.

The poem and the picture appeared together alongside Rossetti's painting Sibylla Palmifera and the sonnet Soul's Beauty.

The two were placed sequentially in The House of Life collection sonnets number 77 and Lady [Lilith] This is in accordance with Jewish folk tradition, which associates Lilith both with long hair a symbol of dangerous feminine seductive power in Jewish culture , and with possessing women by entering them through mirrors.

First published in , the poem uses the traditional myths surrounding the triad of Adam, Eve, and Lilith. Browning depicts Lilith and Eve as being friendly and complicitous with each other, as they sit together on either side of Adam.

Under the threat of death, Eve admits that she never loved Adam, while Lilith confesses that she always loved him:. As the worst of the venom left my lips, I thought, 'If, despite this lie, he strips The mask from my soul with a kiss — I crawl His slave, — soul, body, and all!

Browning focused on Lilith's emotional attributes, rather than that of her ancient demon predecessors. Scottish author George MacDonald also wrote a fantasy novel entitled Lilith , first published in MacDonald employed the character of Lilith in service to a spiritual drama about sin and redemption, in which Lilith finds a hard-won salvation.

Many of the traditional characteristics of Lilith mythology are present in the author's depiction: Long dark hair, pale skin, a hatred and fear of children and babies, and an obsession with gazing at herself in a mirror.

MacDonald's Lilith also has vampiric qualities: she bites people and sucks their blood for sustenance.

Philip and Son, The "Lilith" section contains thirteen poems exploring the Lilith myth and is central to the meaning of the collection as a whole.

Moore 's story Fruit of Knowledge is written from Lilith's point of view. It is a re-telling of the Fall of Man as a love triangle between Lilith, Adam and Eve — with Eve's eating the forbidden fruit being in this version the result of misguided manipulations by the jealous Lilith, who had hoped to get her rival discredited and destroyed by God and thus regain Adam's love.

A number of the poems feature Lilith directly, including the piece Unwritten which deals with the spiritual problem of the feminine being removed by the scribes from The Bible.

The character Mr. Beaver ascribes the ancestry of the main antagonist, Jadis the White Witch , to Lilith. The depiction of Lilith in Romanticism continues to be popular among Wiccans and in other modern Occultism.

Two organisations that use initiations and magic associated with Lilith are the Ordo Antichristianus Illuminati and the Order of Phosphorus.

Many early occult writers that contributed to modern day Wicca expressed special reverence for Lilith. Charles Leland associated Aradia with Lilith: Aradia, says Leland, is Herodias , who was regarded in stregheria folklore as being associated with Diana as chief of the witches.

Leland further notes that Herodias is a name that comes from west Asia, where it denoted an early form of Lilith. Eftersom Gud skapat henne av jord, precis som Adam, menade hon att hon var jämlik honom och när han ville ha samlag med henne vägrade hon att ligga underst och därmed underordna sig honom.

Efter att Lilit flugit iväg berättade Adam detta för Gud i en bön. De tre änglarna förföljde henne och hann ikapp henne ovanför Röda havet.

Hon vägrade dock att vända tillbaka med dem. De hotade med att dränka henne i havet. I svensk mytologi betraktas hon ibland även som Maran , som hemsöker sovande och ger dem mardrömmar.

Oftast är det hennes barn, lilim, som dyker upp i form av häxor , succubor , demoner och liknande. Lewis klassiska barnbok Häxan och lejonet omnämns Lilit exempelvis som den centrala antagonistens, den vita häxans, anmoder.

I serien Neon Genesis Evangelion , är det hon och inte Eva som är moder till mänskligheten, och i serien Megami Paradise framställs hon till och med som ljusets gudinna.

Den här artikeln handlar om den mytologiska figuren Lilit. För romanen, se Lilith roman. För den feministiska tidskriften Lilith, se Lilith tidskrift.

Kvinnlig mesopotamisk nattdemon i judisk mytologi.

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